The openbite it is a dental problem that can negatively affect our health and quality of life. In this article, you will learn what an open bite is, its causes, its damaging effects, and how to treat it.

What is an open bite?

The open bite is a dental malocclusion in which the upper and lower anterior teeth do not come into contact when closing the mouth. This creates a space between the upper and lower front teeth when the jaw is closed. This condition can be of bone or dental origin.

Causes of open bite

An open bite can be caused by a number of factors, including:

  • oral habits: Sucking the thumb, using a pacifier at an early age and atypical swallowing (incorrect way of swallowing) can cause an open bite.
  • Bone development problems: Malformations in the growth of the bones of the mandible or the upper jaw can generate an open bite.
  • dental malposition: The incorrect position of the teeth can also cause this type of malocclusion.

Consequences of open bite

The open bite can have various negative effects on our health, such as:

  • chewing problems: The lack of contact between the anterior teeth can make it difficult to chew food properly.
  • trouble speaking: The open bite can cause difficulties in pronouncing certain sounds and words.
  • aesthetic problems: An open bite can negatively affect the individual's facial aesthetics and self-esteem.
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems: Unbalanced tension in the TMJ and jaw muscles can cause jaw pain, difficulty opening or closing the mouth, clicking or crackling in the joint, headaches, earaches, and facial pain.

Open bite solutions

Treatment of an open bite will depend on the underlying cause and the severity of the problem. Some possible solutions include:

  1. braces: In some cases, braces can be used to correct the position of the jaw and upper jaw bones.
  2. Orthodontics: In other cases, the use of orthodontics may be recommended to move the teeth into a proper position and close the open bite.
  3. Orthognathic surgery: In more serious cases, the combination of orthognathic surgery and orthodontics may be necessary to correct the position of the jawbones.
  4. Eliminate oral habits: It is important to eliminate habits such as thumb sucking, using a pacifier or atypical swallowing to allow the teeth to develop correctly. 5. muscle exercises: In some cases, muscle exercises can help correct an open bite. These exercises can help strengthen the muscles that control the jaw and teeth.

Prevention and early treatment

Prevention and early treatment of open bites can prevent future problems with chewing, speaking, and facial aesthetics. For this, it is important:

  • Observe and correct the oral habits of children from an early age.
  • Perform regular dental checkups to identify and treat any problems in their early stages.
  • Consult with an orthodontist or dentist if signs of an open bite are observed.

Conclusion

The open bite is a type of malocclusion that can cause problems in our health and quality of life. Knowing its causes, consequences and possible solutions allows us to prevent and treat this condition effectively. If you think you or someone in your family is suffering from an open bite, don't hesitate to consult with a dental health professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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