The prevention of caries and periodontal disease contributes to improving our oral health and, believe it or not, our health in general. Periodontitis or gum disease is the most common pathology in people. It is estimated that around 85 % of the Spanish population over 35 years of age have some problem related to their gums.

The accumulation of bacterial plaque between the teeth and gums can cause numerous oral health problems. The most common are inflammation and bleeding of the gums, but can also lead to bone loss that supports the dental pieces, which end up falling.

The main symptoms of periodontitis are:

  • Sensitive and bleeding gums
  • Bad hold of the teeth
  • permanent halitosis
  • Pain in the affected area
  • Retraction and inflammation of the gums
  • Difficulty chewing food
  • Loss of teeth

Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis is not treated. The main consequence is tooth loss, which affects aesthetics and chewing functionality. But periodontal disease also has repercussions on general health.

HOW DOES PERIODONITIS AFFECT YOUR OVERALL HEALTH?

gum disease has negative effects on both oral health and general health. The proliferation of bacteria between the teeth and gums can cause them to pass into the bloodstream and spread to other parts of the body.

Different studies confirm the important link between oral health and cardiovascular health.

We explain why:

  • Bacteria that pass into the circulatory system can cause hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis carries an increased risk of cardiovascular problems, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction or stroke.
  • Inflammation caused by a periodontal infection can affect the metabolism of people with diabetes, a disease considered as a cardiovascular risk factor.
  • Poor oral health increases the risk of bacterial infections in the blood, which is especially harmful in people with heart problems.

The periodontal treatments They address the various problems of the gums, from gingivitis to periodontitis.

Depending on the diagnosis, the dentist will begin with a deep cleaning of the teeth and gums and may prescribe a pharmacological treatment to eliminate the infection. In the most serious cases, an intervention may be necessary to help the tissue to regenerate, thus avoiding the loss of teeth.

Prevention is the best way to avoid negative consequences of gum disease. To maintain good oral health, it is essential to follow daily oral hygiene guidelines and make regular visits to the dentist.

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