Maternity is a crucial stage in a woman's life, accompanied by significant physical and hormonal changes. These transformations also influence dental and periodontal health, making the role of the periodontist crucial at this stage. In this article, we will discuss periodontal disease and bleeding gums in pregnancy and how to prevent and treat these problems.

Causes of bleeding gums during pregnancy

Pregnancy brings with it an increase in progesterone and estrogen levels, which increases blood flow to the gums and facilitates their inflammation. More than half of pregnant women experience gingivitis, a mild periodontal disease that can cause gums to bleed when brushing.

If not treated early, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious infection that can destroy bone and surrounding tissue. Additionally, periodontal disease is associated with pregnancy risks such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and even miscarriage.

Prevention and dental care during pregnancy

proper oral hygiene

Prevention is the best strategy to deal with dental problems during pregnancy, including bleeding gums. Maintaining proper oral hygiene is essential:

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Floss daily.
  3. Rinse the mouth with an antimicrobial mouthwash.
  4. Avoid sugary foods and drinks.

dental consultations

It is essential to go to the dentist when confirming the pregnancy to have a complete review and a professional dental cleaning if necessary. This visit should be repeated during the second trimester of pregnancy and at any time when problems such as pain, dental mobility or bleeding gums are detected.

Healthy nutrition

A balanced, nutrient-dense diet is essential for oral and general health during pregnancy. Include foods rich in vitamins A, C, and D, calcium, phosphorus, and protein.

Treatment of periodontal disease in pregnancy

If periodontal disease is detected during pregnancy, treatment should be started as soon as possible to minimize risks to mother and baby. Treatment may include:

  1. Professional dental cleaning: to remove tartar and bacterial plaque.
  2. Scaling and root planing: to remove bacterial plaque and smooth the surfaces of the dental roots.
  3. Antimicrobial drugs: to control infection.
  4. Periodontal Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to clean periodontal pockets and repair damaged tissues.


Pregnancy is a time when women should pay special attention to their oral and periodontal health, as hormonal changes can increase the risk of diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis. To prevent and treat bleeding gums and other dental problems during pregnancy, it is important to follow the following recommendations:

  1. Maintain proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing, flossing, and antimicrobial mouthwash.
  2. Go to the dentist for professional dental check-ups and cleanings from the beginning of the pregnancy and throughout the gestation process.
  3. Adopt a healthy diet rich in essential nutrients for oral and general health.
  4. In case of detecting dental problems, do not delay in seeking dental attention to receive the appropriate treatment.

By following these tips, pregnant women can reduce the risk of periodontal disease and protect the health of their teeth and gums, as well as ensure a healthy pregnancy and a strong, healthy baby.

Remember that dental care is an essential part of prenatal care and that a skilled periodontist can help identify and treat dental problems before they become more serious complications. Do not hesitate to seek the advice of a periodontic professional to obtain the necessary care and support during this very special time in your life.

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