The Bleeding gums is produced by a alteration of oral bacteria. This is a common symptom that you may have experienced at some time. Although you should not be alarmed, you should not ignore it either as it could indicate a periodontal disease which in the worst case could even lead you to the loss of teeth.

Causes of bleeding gums

The causes of bleeding gums can be very varied, although in most cases it indicates a periodontal disease


It is a deep gum infection. In periodontitis, pockets of plaque and bacteria form in the periodontal tissue that can eventually serious problems in the dental health of the patient. In the most severe cases, in which the infection has persisted for a long time, periodontitis can destroy the bone and the tooth could be lost. However, if the infection is mild, a dental curettage, a dental scaling or root planing

It is necessary to visit a specialist in periodontics to determine the involvement of the gums and recommend the most appropriate treatment in each case.


Another of the most common causes of bleeding gums is gingivitis. The gingivitis is a periodontal disease that manifests itself through swollen gums along with its redness and possible bleeding. Consists of the first stage of periodontitis, so if it is detected early, it can be addressed in a less invasive way.

In this case it is also recommended to see a specialist since professional dental hygiene or a special mouthwash may be needed to reduce inflammation of the gums.

Other causes

Among other causes of bleeding gums we find:

  • Aggressive tooth brushing
  • Aggressive flossing
  • Bruxism
  • Genetic factors
  • Stress
  • Diseases such as hepatitis, cancer, diabetes or leukemia.
  • Vitamin C or K deficiency

Treatment for bleeding gums

The pertinent treatment in each case will correspond to the degree of affectation of the gum and, therefore, of the pathology.
If you have dental bleeding, we recommend that you see a professional so that they can determine its origin and offer you a better diagnosis. In any case, there are a number of habits that can be put into practice to prevent bleeding gums and for a better oral health.

1. Brush your teeth correctly

You need to brush your teeth at least 2 times a day, one in the morning and one at night. Although the ideal would be to do it after each meal. Brushing should last about 2 minutes and should be done gently so as not to weaken the gums.

2. Complete oral hygiene

In addition to a good brushing, daily flossing is necessary for kill bacteria that persist on the teeth even after brushing. It is also recommended to use the mouthwash for total hygiene.

3. Periodic dental check-ups

It is crucial to detect oral diseases in time to be able to address them from the beginning and thus avoid major complications. An annual consultation with your dentist is enough to ensure good dental health.

4. Good nutrition

A balance diet rich in fruits and vegetables will promote dental health. On the contrary, excessive consumption of sweets can cause problems in the gums and in general oral health.

5. Avoid tobacco

The tobacco is another factor that increases the risk of periodontal diseases such as gingivitis or periodontitis. In addition, it also causes halitosis, tooth staining or reduced taste, among others.

In Dr Vilar Clinic are specialists in periodontics. Request your appointment for a complete diagnosis of the health of your gums. You can do it through whatsapp +34 636 64 80 59 or by calling 932 01 71 52

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