The Most people suffer or have suffered from halitosis sometime in your life. Halitosis or bad breath can vary due to factors such as: the time of day, the day of the month (it worsens before and during menstruation), when you are hungry or dry mouth and the smell is worse when you start talking.

Causes of bad breath

Regarding the causes that originate it, they can be divided into two groups: halitosis of local or intraoral origin and halitosis of extraoral origin. In the 90% Cases, bad breath has origin in the mouth and in the 10% remaining they are caused by a pathology of non-oral origin.

Halitosis of oral or intraoral origin

Is that which occurs in the oral cavity and generally and specifically on the back of the tongue. In most cases, the cause is poor oral hygiene or dental disease, although in others it may indicate diseases that require a specific diagnosis and treatment. Hence the importance of going to a dental specialist so that he can make an assessment of the case.

Among the causes of oral origin of bad breath are:

Periodontal disease

The gingivitis or periodontitis they can be behind the bad breath. The inflammation of the gums that causes the appearance of periodontal pockets in which bacteria accumulate manifests itself among other symptoms (such as pain or sensitivity) with bad breath.

advanced caries

The cavities of great size that they present accumulation of food and putrefaction cause bad breath in patients. Generally, any accumulation of food that is not removed, either due to lack of hygiene or illness or infection, will ferment and decompose in the mouth, causing halitosis.

Poor dental hygiene

In the case of a poor dental hygiene daily appears yes or yes accumulation of food which can cause halitosis, although this will usually disappear after cleaning. In addition to brushing, it is recommended to use dental floss to reach the areas that the brush cannot and the use of mouthwash for a complete dental cleaning.

Older people have larger interdental spaces than children or adolescents, so they tend to be more prone to halitosis.

Dry mouth

The saliva helps swallowing of food, which does not have enough time to putrefy in the mouth and cause halitosis. Also lubricates the mouth And contains antibacterial properties, so poor salivation can cause bad breath.

Halitosis of extraoral origin

Respiratory diseases

Some infections such as a lung infection or lung abscesses can accumulate bacteria and cause a bad smell.

gastrointestinal diseases

Some pathologies such as hepatitis, colonogastric fistula or heliobacter pylori bacteria can also be the cause of halitosis.

How to eliminate bad breath?

The first thing to do when halitosis is detected is go to a dentist to make a study of the mouth and teeth and thus determine if the origin of halitosis is in the oral cavity.

The dental specialist may also advise on good habits to follow for fight bad breath such as: reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption, avoid consuming foods such as garlic or onion, drink more water and proper dental hygiene.

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